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东郭先生和狼

作者:www.ruishiye.com  时间:2018-06-01

 
     
      Master Dongguo, a pedantic1 teacher and follower2 of Mohism, was ready to help anyone in distress3, whosoever he might be and regardless of the circumstances.
     One day on a journey through the Zhongshan Mountain, he came across a wounded wolf being pursued by the hunting party of the Viscount Zhao Jianzi. At bay, the wolf glibly4 and fawningly5 begged the master to help him. The old man saw a chance to act on the Mohist doctrine6 of "universal fraternity". At the risk of incurring7 the displeasure of the nobleman, he took the books out of his travelling bag and put the wolf in. When the Viscount came along and enquired8 if he had seen a wolf in flight, Master Dongguo lied, The hunters galloped9 on.
     However, when the wolf was let out of the bag, he showed his true features. He said he was hungry; since the master was so kind as to have helped him once, he might as well do it again by allowing himself to be eaten. Furthermore, he bad been nearly suffocated10 in that bag a little while before, and that gave him another reason to avenge11 himself on the poor master. Now it was Master Dongguo's turn to take to his heels.
     An old man came along leaning on a staff and asked what was the matter. Master Dongguo and the wolf gave their respective arguments and asked him to make a judgment12. The old man thought over the situation for a few moments and said, "Mister Wolf should go back into the bag and if he is really tormented13 , then Master Dongguo should be eaten by him".
     The wolf got into the bag again and it was tied up as before.
     "What are you waiting for?" asked the old man to Dongguo. "Why don't you kill him right now?"
     Only then did the master wake up to reality. And the wolf was put to death.
     This fable14 is so well known among the Chinese that "Master Dongguo" is a synonym15 for a pedantic person and the "Wolf of Zhongshan", for an ingrate16 . And creations of handicraft art based on this theme, are, serve as constant reminders17 that the incorrigibly18 wicked are not to be appeased19.
     

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