Moon in Chinese Celestial1 Cosmology
The choice of the festival's theme -- celebrating the glories and mysteries of the moon -- was a natural. Along with the sun， the moon has long been an object of human curiosity and worship. "It is probable that sun and moon were early held to be deities2 and that they were the first visible objects of worship，" to the book "Sketches3 of the History of Man." To the most ancient ancestors of the Chinese， the sun and the moon were considered the "chief objects of veneration4，" to records dating to the Han dynasty emperor Wu Di .
Notecuriosity: n. 好奇心 worship: n. 崇拜，尊敬 deity5: n. 神，神性
ancestor: n. 祖先，祖宗 veneration: n. 尊敬，崇拜 In ancient Asian mythology6， there is a strong relationship between the moon and water. The moon is said to regulate reservoirs and supplies of water. There is a suggestion that the moon produces fertility and freshness in the soil. The moon's role in bountiful harvests is widely recognized during autumns around the world.
In Chinese celestial cosmology， the moon represents the female principle， or yin. During ancient autumn Moon Festivals， the moon is considered feminine. Only women took part in Moon Festival rituals， and when the full moon appeared， women would make offerings of incense7， candles， fruit， flowers， and mooncakes.
Notereservoir: n. 水库，蓄水池 fertility: n. 肥沃 cosmology: n. 宇宙论
feminine: adj. 妇女的，阴性的 ritual: n. 典礼，仪式
The enduring legend of the Moon Goddess， Chang O ， reflects the feminine principle of yin， as opposed to the masculine principle of yang， which is symbolized8 by the sun.